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第78号(2024-01-31) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11173/3852

Title: 京都駅の屋外喫煙所周辺における受動喫煙の状況
Other Titles: Passive smoking in the vicinity of the outdoor smoking area at Kyoto Station
Authors: 木村, 佑来
三好, 希帆
中村, 亜紀
宮脇, 尚志
Kimura, Yuki
Miyoshi, Kiho
Nakamura, Aki
Miyawaki, Takashi
Keywords: 受動喫煙
passive smoking
tobacco smoke concentration
outdoor smoking area
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2024
Publisher: 京都女子大学食物学会
Abstract: 緒言: 2020年に改正健康増進法が完全施行され,施設の類型等により敷地内禁煙や原則屋内禁煙が義務づけられた。しかし,屋外で喫煙を行う場合は,「周囲の状況に配慮する」にとどまっている。本調査では,屋外喫煙所周辺において空気中の微小粒子状物質(PM2.5)濃度の測定を行い,周辺の通行人に曝露される受動喫煙の程度を評価することを目的とした。方法: 京都駅にある半オープンスペースの喫煙所周辺において,2019年12月~2020年1月に計3日間,喫煙所から東に3m,10m,南に5.7mにおけるPM2.5の測定を行った。結果: 測定期間中の喫煙所から東に3mの地点におけるPM2.5の最大値は,環境省の注意喚起基準70μg/m3を大幅に上回った。また,PM2.5濃度は喫煙所から東に10mの地点においても高値であり,全ての場所において,環境省の1日平均基準値である35μg/m3を超える時刻が認められた。考察: 喫煙所周辺の通行人は,高濃度の受動喫煙の被害を受けている可能性が示唆された。屋外における受動喫煙の害を防ぐためには,屋外における受動喫煙防止のためのガイドライン策定等の作成が必要であると考えられた。Objective: In 2020, the revised Health Promotion Act came into effect, mandating no smoking on site and, depending on the type of facility and other factors, banning indoor smoking in principle. However, regarding outdoors, the law only states that“consideration should be given to surrounding conditions”. This study measures the concentration of particulate matter (PM2.5) in the air around outdoor smoking areas and evaluates the degree of exposure to passive smoking for passersby in the vicinity. Methods: We measured PM2.5 around a semi-open smoking area at Kyoto station for a total of three days from December 2019 to January 2020 at 3 m and 10 m east and 5.7 m east and south from the smoking area. Results: The maximum value of PM2.5 concentration at a distance of 3 m east significantly exceeded the alert values for air quality standards of 70 μg/m3 set by the Ministry of the Environment. The concentration was also high at a distance of 10 m east, and at all distances, PM2.5 concentration exceeded the Ministry of the Environment’s daily average standard of 35 μg/m3 at times. Conclusion: Passersby in the vicinity of smoking areas may be exposed to high concentrations of passive smoking. To prevent the harm caused by passive smoking outdoors, guidelines for the prevention of passive smoking outdoors and other measures should be developed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11173/3852
Appears in Collections:第78号(2024-01-31)

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